What is General Surgery?
General surgery is a technical branch of medicine that involves general principles (such as wound healing, metabolic and endocrine response to injury) as well as surgical and systemic treatment of local problems and affecting many surgical and basic medicine branches in terms of their development.
The Department of General Surgery cooperates and coordinates with many other branches of medicine on the basis of the breadth of interest.
Most of the general surgery patients constitute various types of cancer cases. In the planning of diagnosis, surgery and subsequent treatment stages for these patients, we are working in cooperation with Gastroenterology, Radiology / Interventional Radiology, Pathology, Medical and Radiation Oncology.
Another concern of the General Surgery is traumatology. Trauma patients are often accompanied by Orthopedics, Neurosurgery, Urology, Cardiovascular Surgery departments due to the presence of multiple organ system injuries. Especially in severe multiple organ injuries, the coordination of all these medical branches is undertaken by the Department of General Surgery.
One of the most important steps in the treatment of patients in general surgeries is that patients returns to their activities as soon as possible after surgery. This is done in close cooperation with the Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation.
“Surgery” has been adopted as a separate medicine field with the introduction of therapeutic surgical practices into the practice of medicine but all surgical branches have been treated as “GENERAL SURGERY” with the reason that the surgical methods at that time are limited. However, parallel to the developments, separate organ or system surgical applications have caused the general surgeon to split and to have different surgical branches.
In this sense, surgical branches such as neurosurgery, ear-nose-throat, eye, lung surgery, cardiovascular surgery, urology (kidneys, urinary bladder and male genital organs), gynecology, orthopedics, plastic surgery are separated from the General Surgery.
Today, “General Surgery” is understood to mean: thyroid surgery, breast surgery, stomach, small and large intestines, rectal diseases (hemorrhoids …), liver, pancreas, bile ducts and bile ducts, hernia surgery.
As you can see, even today’s general surgery concept involves quite different organs and systems, and there is little opportunity for a person who completes these subjects (“general surgeon”) to prevail as it used to be.
For this reason, along with being the only general surgery training covering all of these topics today, the general trend is that after general surgery expertise, it is necessary to specialize in certain issues. In this sense, General Surgery is the treatment of hepatic-pancreatic-biliary system or liver-pancreas-bile duct and pathology surgeries, gastro-intestinal surgery or digestive system surgery (stomach, small and large intestines and diseases of the rectum), endocrine (thyroid). Considering that a breast surgery has become a common practice.