Allergy Laboratory
The most effective way to combat allergy is at the Akademi Hospital

Allergy testing is a test that reveals the presence of allergies and can help determine if an existing disease has an allergic cause. The test with the Prick test (epidermal test) is a test that does not cause pain or suffering and results in a short time. It is usually built on the inside of the arm. The liquid test material containing the allergen is dripped. A small scratch is formed in the uppermost deep layer to allow the allergen to penetrate into the skin and be associated with the “allergy cells” therein. This application is made with sterile and disposable tip sharp materials called “lancet”. Wait 10-15 minutes after the test is applied, and the skin responses obtained are then evaluated.

Antihistamines, some medicines used in the treatment of infectious diseases, treatment of stomach diseases, treatment of depression cause the test to give erroneous results. For this reason, it is necessary to inform your doctor about the medicines you are using before the test.

What is Allergy?
Allergy is a battle against the things the immune system thinks are foreign to itself. In the absence of allergies, the naturally occurring immune system reacts extensively to substances that are essentially non-harmful, such as pollen, mushrooms, mites, animal hair, and some foods in allergies. Symptoms of this condition in the body constitute allergic disease.

The most common types of allergies are: hay fever, eye fever, asthma, allergic diseases such as eczema.

How is allergy understood?
Clinical findings together with the patient’s history (anamnesis) are sufficient for diagnosis. However, supportive tests are conducted to prove and to find out what allergies are.
Blood tests: total IgE, specific IgE, Blood eosinophil levels, liver function tests
Nasal tests: Nasal smear
stool tests: Noise, spreading,
skin tests: Pacha tests, skin Prick tests (skin prick tests),
respiratory tests: Breathing function tests, bronchial provocation tests,

What are the symptoms?
When an allergen is encountered, skin rashes such as sneezing, watering in the eyes, nasal discharge, nasal obstruction, nasal itching and eczema occur. These reactions do not occur in people who are confronted with the same substances but are not prone to it.

Allergic substances
The main substances causing allergies are: pollen, dust in the house (mites), cat and dog. Also: can cause allergic diseases such as cigarette smoke, chemical additives, detergents, perfumes, and air pollution, which are considered non-allergenic but irritant substances. Allergy Test is a test for detecting the cause of allergy. It can also be used as a skin test, as it can be looked at. In the skin test, allergens are applied subcutaneously against the most locally observed substances to measure the reaction.

Allergy Treatment
The first thing to do for treatment is to find and remove the causative agent of allergy. This is the most effective treatment. However, when it is not possible to find an allergic substance or if it is not possible to get away with it, medication, vaccination and some other treatment methods are applied according to the severity of the allergy.

Immunotherapy (Vaccine Treatment)
Vaccine treatment is the treatment for the cause of the disease. No other drug in the vaccines, such as cortisone absent. Only if there is an allergy, the substance has the extract of the water. This substance can be administered by injection under the skin or by oral administration (in the form of drops below the tongue). The duration of treatment ranges from 3 to 5 years.

Major allergic diseases related to respiratory system:

  1. Allergic rhinitis
  2. Allergic rhino sinusitis
  3. Allergic bronchitis
  4. Allergic asthma
  5. Reactive airway
  6. Asthma bronchiale
  7. Rhinitis medicamentosa
  8. Non-Respiratory allergic diseases:
  9. Atopy
  10. Atopic Dermatitis
  11. Allergic Contact Dermatitis,
  12. Allergic purpura,
  13. Urticaria,
  14. Allergic Urticaria,
  15. Allergic conjunctivitis,
  16. Angioneurotic edema,
  17. Anaphylactic shock,
  18. Drug Allergies,
  19. Insect Allergies

How is protection done? 
The most common causes of allergies are animal fur, flower pollen, dust, mildew and detergent.
Some precautions taken after learning what it is allergy to:

  1. Protection from house dust allergies,
  2. Protection from pollens (weeds, trees and pollen)
  3. Mold and moisture protection,
  4. Protection from animal epithelium and feathers,
  5. Protection from drug allergies (penicillin)
  6. Protection from insect allergies (bee)
  7. Avoidance of foods and additives (diet),
  8. Protection from occupationally common allergens.