Term gastroscopy, the method involves a visual examination of the stomach. The use of this method, which requires special training in terms of both the application form and the evaluation of the images, is further facilitated by the development of flexible endoscopes and the potential hazards that may arise during the application are significantly reduced The pipe that runs under the digestive tract allows you to see the exam from the beginning of the digestive tract (mouth, esophagus, and to the duodenum and duodenal ulcers).

Review of the digestive tract
Esophagoscopy, ie display of the esophagus, can detect many diseases through digestive tract. These include disorders related to vessels in the walls of the food borne, inflammation, diverticulum formation, ulcers, various cancers, constrictive diseases and tumor formation.
Hidden or symptomatic foodborne heirs can easily be recognized by esophagoscopy when the hemorrhagic ulcer of the food borne can not provide enough information from the radiological examiner.

Hemorrhagic lesions do not interfere with esophagoscopy. Esophagoscopy can be used with great success in the complete and even treatment of such conditions.
… Also in some inflammatory diseases, in the ulcers due to acid leaks from the midsole, in the narrowing of the food vessels formed during ulcer healing, it can easily be diagnosed by esophagoscopy. In the lower parts of the food borne, peptic ulcer can be precisely distinguished from good or malignant tumors and di-vertices. Examination of the biopsy specimen taken from the area where the tumor has progressed during the examination can help to determine whether the formation is benign or malignant.

Review of stomach
Gastroscopy, or imaging of the stomach, has become an indispensable method in the diagnosis of stomach diseases. Types of gastritis (gastric inflammation) that can not be distinguished before the endoscopy was found can now be categorized in detail.

Atrophy gastritis, that is, functional and structural gastric inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract is seen as a factor in preparing cancer, and it is possible to detect a possible cancer development at an early stage by regularly controlling gastroscopy in patients with gastritis of this type.

Whether the ulcer develops anywhere in the stomach can easily be detected by gastroscopy and the efficacy of the treatment applied or a possible cancer development can be observed. The detection of malignancies at an early stage, the removal of a polyp present during gastroscopy, and the examination of the condition by cellular examination are performed by gastroscopy.

Gastroscopy is also the success of early detection of gastric lymphomas or inflammatory diseases with a tendency to worsen without surgical intervention.
Gastroscopy allows the detection of bleeding in the stomach, the form of treatment rehabilitation and prevention of bleeding. In certain conditions such as stress, septicemia, shock severe trauma, various surgical procedures, burns on the body, of acute respiratory failure, a disease of the brain, aspirin, alcohol intoxication.., in these conditions we must use gastroscopy as surgery. Gastroscopy may differ in whether it is the result of bleeding at the patient’s ulcer, polyps, angioma (vascular tumor), uterine leiomyomas (benign tumors of smooth muscle) and to determine the treatment of, or to be non-operative procedure (comparative atrophic gastritis).

What is rectosigmoidoscopy?
Sigmoidoscopy is the examination of the rectum, which forms the last third of the intestines with the sigmoidoscope, and the end of the colon. A sigmoidoscope is a fiberoptic device that is easily twistable, with a lens and light source at its tip. Thanks to fiberoptic technology, the inside of the gut can be seen with this tool.

Before your sigmoidoscopy is done, your doctor will give you a laxatives or enema to drain your intestines. Usually there is no need for oral intestinal hygiene prior to operation. In some elderly patients or in patients with bowel drainage problems, an oral laxative or aqueous diet may be recommended. Generally, cleaning of the last part of the intestines is sufficient. For this, a half-hour or an hour before the procedure, the draining enema (BT Enema etc.) is squeezed, the medication is kept for at least 15 minutes, then cleaned and ready for operation.

How is it done?
Perform : Flexible sigmoidoscopy with anal canal, rectum, sigmoid colon and descending colon 50-60. cm. The process usually lasts 10-15 minutes. The patient usually does not need to be sedated during the procedure. After the patient is laid on the left side of the bed, the procedure is easily performed by the doctor. Patients can feel a great deal of ablution and little pain because of the air in which the intestines are exposed. The anal channel lesions (hemorrhoids, fissures, fistulae) are diagnosed by sigmoidoscopy. There may also be abnormal growths in the rectum and in the legs called cancers, ulcers and polyps.

Who needs sygmoidoscopy:
Sigmoidoscopy is used in colorectal cancer screenings. It should be repeated every 3 to 5 years to start at age 50. Efficiency colonoscopy also manifested in the group of patients with a high risk of development of colorectal cancer due to familial heritability polyposis (ulcerative colitis), ulcerative colitis or of colorectal cancer in the family, in this high-risk group regular periodic sigmoidoscopy control starting from 35 years also is very useful for early diagnosis of possible occurrence of hereditary diseases.

Sigmoidoscopy can be performed in the stool when the occult blood test is positive or when the findings of the rectal key are abnormal. It can be used to identify sources of rectal bleeding or some symptoms that concern the lower parts of the digestive system.

If there is an abnormal structure during sigmoidoscopy, a sample of tissue can be taken for examination in the laboratory with a biopsy instrument passed through sigmoidoscopy (colonoscopy may be needed if sigmoidoscopy usually shows an abnormality).

Immediately after the sigmoidoscopy, you can return to normal life. If the biopsy was taken, it may take a few days for the results to come out. No complications are seen during or after the procedure. Complications such as bleeding, intestinal perforation may occur very rarely (polyp removal, biopsy result).

Colon is the most important endoscopic method used in the examination of rectum and anus diseases. Beginning from the front, the entire rectum and the colon are seen and examined. The instrument has a thickness of about 1 cm and is flexible (1.75 m) that can examine the entire length of the columns and can fit into bowel folds. During this examination, a lesion (diseased part) can be seen, and if it is necessary, a biopsy can be done from here. In addition, removal of polyps (polypectomy) and injection of sclerosing agent (blood stopper) into the bleeding foci can be performed.

General symptoms of colorectal diseases

After 50 years of age, routine inspections of every 3 to 5 years
Abdominal problem of unknown cause
Previously treated patients with cancer of the colon and rectum and polyploidy, in case of inflammatory bowel diseases such as ulcerative colitis and croon, hereditary factor of the appearance of colon cancer and rectum from the mother, father, etc., (in this case it is preferred that after a 40 year old age life control of every 2 to 3 years).

As the colonoscope is observed inside the colonoscope, it is necessary that the intestines are completely clean so that any pathological formation can be avoided. For this reason, bowel preparation is done one day before the colonoscopy. For this purpose, free-of-charge foods are given on the day before the testing process, and laxatives (diarrheal medicines) are given to provide a complete cleaning of the colonies. The process takes about 20-30 minutes on average. Sometimes a mild sedation (mild anesthesia) may be needed for the disease.

As it is known, colon and rectum cancer are the second most common cancer after lung cancer.It is possible to reduce this type of cancer by preventive measures. Because it is known that 95% of these cancers develop from polyps in colon and rectum. However, there is no such a significant lesion that cancer develops in other internal organs cancer. For this reason, polyps should be detected immediately and will be prevented from colon cancer that can be removed from the body without being cancerized (polypectomy). Polyps can be diagnosed at very high rates (95%) and removed (polypectomy) only with colposcopy. Colonoscopy, which is currently done is the most important diagnostic and therapeutic tool for preventing colon and rectum cancer. This is the best way to prevent colon and rectum cancer.